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The abbreviation for Item Response Theory (


The abbreviation for the International Organization for Standards/International Electrotechnical Commission.


Thhe abbreviation for the Interactive Whiteboard, a standard developed by 1EdTech.


Java Script Object Notation

JSON is an open standard file format that uses human-readable text to store and transmit data objects. Many web services are based on the exchange of JSON encoded messages. 1EdTech uses JSON as one of the primary data binding formats for the definition of 1EdTech APIs. 1EdTech standards using JSON-based data exchange include Caliper, OneRoster, LTI Advantage, and CASE.


JSON is the abbreviation for JavaScript Object Notation. See JavaScript Object Notation for more information.

JSON Web Token

A JSON Web Token (JWT) is a compact, URL-safe means of representing 'Claims' to be transferred between two parties. The 'Claims' in a JWT are encoded as a JSON object that is used as the payload of a JSON Web Signature (JWS) structure or as the plaintext of a JSON Web Encryption (JWE) structure, enabling the 'Claims' to be digitally signed or integrity protected with a Message Authentication Code (MAC) and/or encrypted. JWT is defined in IETF RFC 7519 and use of these is described in the 1EdTech Security Framework.


This is the abbreviation for JSON Web Encryption.


This is the abbreviation for JSON Web Signature.


This is the abbreviation for JSON Web Token and is pronounced 'jot'.


Learner Information Package (LIP)

1EdTech published the Learner Information Package (LIP) standard version 1.0 in March 2001. The intent of this standard is to define a set of packages that can be used to import data into and extract data from a 1EdTech certified Learner Information server. The core structures of the learner information package are based upon: accessibilities; activities; affiliations; competencies; goals; identifications; interests; qualifications, certifications and licenses; relationship; security keys; and transcripts. The 1EdTech Comprehensive Learner Record (CLR) standard supersedes this standard.

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